Quran with English Translation

Surah Al Tawbah

English Translation by Dr Muhsin Khan, Dr Hilali


بَرَآءَةٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦۤ إِلَى ٱلَّذِينَ عَـٰهَدتُّم مِّنَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ  

Freedom from (all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger (SAW) to those of the Mushrikoon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah), with whom you made a treaty.


فَسِيحُواْ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ أَرۡبَعَةَ أَشۡہُرٍ۬ وَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّكُمۡ غَيۡرُ مُعۡجِزِى ٱللَّهِ‌ۙ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مُخۡزِى ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ 

So travel freely (O Mushrikoon - see V.2:105) for four months (as you will) throughout the land, but know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah, and Allah will disgrace the disbelievers.


وَأَذَٲنٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦۤ إِلَى ٱلنَّاسِ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡحَجِّ ٱلۡأَڪۡبَرِأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَرِىٓءٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ‌ۙ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ‌ۚ

And a declaration from Allah and His Messenger to mankind on the greatest day (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah - the 12th month of Islamic calendar) that Allah is free from (all) obligations to the Mushrikoon (see V.2:105) and so is His Messenger.

فَإِن تُبۡتُمۡ فَهُوَ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّڪُمۡ‌ۖ وَإِن تَوَلَّيۡتُمۡ فَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّكُمۡ غَيۡرُ مُعۡجِزِى ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ

So if you (Mushrikoon) repent, it is better for you,but if you turn away, then know that you cannot escape (from the Punishment of) Allah.

وَبَشِّرِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ 

And give tidings (O Muhammad SAW) of a painful torment to those who disbelieve.


إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ عَـٰهَدتُّم مِّنَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ ثُمَّ لَمۡ يَنقُصُوكُمۡ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَلَمۡ يُظَـٰهِرُواْ عَلَيۡكُمۡ أَحَدً۬ا

Except those of the Mushrikoon with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported anyone against you.

فَأَتِمُّوٓاْ إِلَيۡهِمۡ عَهۡدَهُمۡ إِلَىٰ مُدَّتِہِمۡ‌ۚ

So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ 

Surely Allah loves Al- Mattaqoon (the pious - see V.2:2).


فَإِذَا ٱنسَلَخَ ٱلۡأَشۡہُرُ ٱلۡحُرُمُ فَٱقۡتُلُواْ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ حَيۡثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمۡ

Then when the Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikoon (see V.2:105) wherever you find them,

وَخُذُوهُمۡ وَٱحۡصُرُوهُمۡ وَٱقۡعُدُواْ لَهُمۡ ڪُلَّ مَرۡصَدٍ۬‌ۚ

and capture them and besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush.

فَإِن تَابُواْ وَأَقَامُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتَوُاْ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ فَخَلُّواْ سَبِيلَهُمۡ‌ۚ

But if they repent and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, then leave their way free.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬  

Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


وَإِنۡ أَحَدٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ ٱسۡتَجَارَكَ فَأَجِرۡهُ حَتَّىٰ يَسۡمَعَ كَلَـٰمَ ٱللَّهِ ثُمَّ أَبۡلِغۡهُ مَأۡمَنَهُ ۥ‌ۚ

And if anyone of the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) seeks your protection then grant him protection, so that he may hear the Word of Allah (the Quran), and then escort him to where he can be secure,

ذَٲلِكَ بِأَنَّہُمۡ قَوۡمٌ۬ لَّا يَعۡلَمُونَ 

that is because they are men who know not.


ڪَيۡفَ يَكُونُ لِلۡمُشۡرِڪِينَ عَهۡدٌ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ وَعِندَ رَسُولِهِۦۤ

How can there be a covenant with Allah and with His Messenger for the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah)

إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ عَـٰهَدتُّمۡ عِندَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِ‌ۖ

except those with whom you made a covenant near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah)?

فَمَا ٱسۡتَقَـٰمُواْ لَكُمۡ فَٱسۡتَقِيمُواْ لَهُمۡ‌ۚ

So long, as they are true to you, stand you true to them.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ  

Verily, Allah loves Al-Muttaqoon (the pious - see V.2:2).


ڪَيۡفَ وَإِن يَظۡهَرُواْ عَلَيۡڪُمۡ لَا يَرۡقُبُواْ فِيكُمۡ إِلاًّ۬ وَلَا ذِمَّةً۬‌ۚ

How (can there be such a covenant with them) that when you are overpowered by them, they regard not the ties, either of kinship or of covenant with you?

يُرۡضُونَكُم بِأَفۡوَٲهِهِمۡ وَتَأۡبَىٰ قُلُوبُهُمۡ وَأَڪۡثَرُهُمۡ فَـٰسِقُونَ  

With (good words from) their mouths they please you, but their hearts are averse to you, and most of them are Fasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).


ٱشۡتَرَوۡاْ بِـَٔايَـٰتِ ٱللَّهِ ثَمَنً۬ا قَلِيلاً۬ فَصَدُّواْ عَن سَبِيلِهِۦۤ‌ۚ

They have purchased with the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah a little gain, and they hindered men from His Way;

إِنَّہُمۡ سَآءَ مَا ڪَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ  

evil indeed is that which they used to do.


لَا يَرۡقُبُونَ فِى مُؤۡمِنٍ إِلاًّ۬ وَلَا ذِمَّةً۬‌ۚ

With regard to a believer, they respect not the ties, either of kinship or of covenant!

وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُعۡتَدُونَ  

It is they who are the transgressors.


فَإِن تَابُواْ وَأَقَامُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتَوُاْ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ فَإِخۡوَٲنُكُمۡ فِى ٱلدِّينِ‌ۗ

But if they repent, perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion.

وَنُفَصِّلُ ٱلۡأَيَـٰتِ لِقَوۡمٍ۬ يَعۡلَمُونَ  

(In this way) We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for a people who know.


وَإِن نَّكَثُوٓاْ أَيۡمَـٰنَهُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِ عَهۡدِهِمۡ وَطَعَنُواْ فِى دِينِڪُمۡ فَقَـٰتِلُوٓاْ أَٮِٕمَّةَ ٱلۡڪُفۡرِ‌ۙ

But if they violate their oaths after their covenant, and attack your religion with disapproval and criticism then fight (you) the leaders of disbelief (chiefs of Quraish - pagans of Makkah) -

إِنَّهُمۡ لَآ أَيۡمَـٰنَ لَهُمۡ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَنتَهُونَ 

for surely their oaths are nothing to them - so that they may stop (evil actions).


أَلَا تُقَـٰتِلُونَ قَوۡمً۬ا نَّكَثُوٓاْ أَيۡمَـٰنَهُمۡ وَهَمُّواْ بِإِخۡرَاجِ ٱلرَّسُولِ وَهُم بَدَءُوڪُمۡ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ‌ۚ

Will you not fight a people who have violated their oaths (pagans of Makkah) and intended to expel the Messenger, while they did attack you first?


Do you fear them?

فَٱللَّهُ أَحَقُّ أَن تَخۡشَوۡهُ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤۡمِنِينَ  

Allah has more right that you should fear Him, if you are believers.


قَـٰتِلُوهُمۡ يُعَذِّبۡهُمُ ٱللَّهُ بِأَيۡدِيڪُمۡ وَيُخۡزِهِمۡ وَيَنصُرۡكُمۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡ

Fight against them so that Allah will punish them by your hands and disgrace them and give you victory over them

وَيَشۡفِ صُدُورَ قَوۡمٍ۬ مُّؤۡمِنِينَ  

and heal the breasts of a believing people,


وَيُذۡهِبۡ غَيۡظَ قُلُوبِهِمۡ‌ۗ

And remove the anger of their (believers) hearts.

وَيَتُوبُ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۗ

Allah accepts the repentance of whom He wills.

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ  

Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.


أَمۡ حَسِبۡتُمۡ أَن تُتۡرَكُواْ وَلَمَّا يَعۡلَمِ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ جَـٰهَدُواْ مِنكُمۡ

Do you think that you shall be left alone while Allah has not yet tested those among you who have striven hard

وَلَمۡ يَتَّخِذُواْ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَلَا رَسُولِهِۦ وَلَا ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَلِيجَةً۬‌ۚ

and fought and have not taken Waleejah ((Batanah - helpers, advisors and consultants from disbelievers, pagans, etc.) giving openly to them their secrets) besides Allah and His Messenger, and the believers.

وَٱللَّهُ خَبِيرُۢ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ  

Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.


مَا كَانَ لِلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ أَن يَعۡمُرُواْ مَسَـٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ شَـٰهِدِينَ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِهِم بِٱلۡكُفۡرِ‌ۚ

It is not for the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah), to maintain the Mosques of Allah (i.e. to pray and worship Allah therein, to look after their cleanliness and their building, etc.), while they witness against their ownselves of disbelief.

أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ حَبِطَتۡ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ وَفِى ٱلنَّارِ هُمۡ خَـٰلِدُونَ  

The works of such are in vain and in Fire shall they abide.


إِنَّمَا يَعۡمُرُ مَسَـٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ

The Mosques of Allah shall be maintained only by those

- who believe in Allah and the Last Day;

وَأَقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتَى ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ وَلَمۡ يَخۡشَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهَ‌ۖ

- perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat),

- and give Zakat

- and fear none but Allah.

فَعَسَىٰٓ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ أَن يَكُونُواْ مِنَ ٱلۡمُهۡتَدِينَ  

It is they who are expected to be on true guidance.


أَجَعَلۡتُمۡ سِقَايَةَ ٱلۡحَآجِّ وَعِمَارَةَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِ كَمَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ

Do you consider the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the maintenance of Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) as equal to the worth of those who believe in Allah and the Last Day,

وَجَـٰهَدَ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

and strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah?

لَا يَسۡتَوُ ۥنَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ

They are not equal before Allah.

وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَہۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ  

And Allah guides not those people who are the Zalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers).


ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَهَاجَرُواْ وَجَـٰهَدُواْ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ بِأَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ وَأَنفُسِہِمۡ أَعۡظَمُ دَرَجَةً عِندَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and emigrated and strove hard and fought in Allah's Cause with their wealth and their lives are far higher in degree with Allah.

وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَآٮِٕزُونَ  

They are the successful.


يُبَشِّرُهُمۡ رَبُّهُم بِرَحۡمَةٍ۬ مِّنۡهُ وَرِضۡوَٲنٍ۬ وَجَنَّـٰتٍ۬ لَّهُمۡ فِيہَا نَعِيمٌ۬ مُّقِيمٌ  

Their Lord gives them glad tidings of a Mercy from Him, and that He is pleased (with them), and of Gardens (Paradise) for them wherein are everlasting delights.


خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَآ أَبَدًا‌ۚ

They will dwell therein forever.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عِندَهُ ۥۤ أَجۡرٌ عَظِيمٌ۬  

Verily, with Allah is a great reward.


يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَتَّخِذُوٓاْ ءَابَآءَكُمۡ وَإِخۡوَٲنَكُمۡ أَوۡلِيَآءَ إِنِ ٱسۡتَحَبُّواْ ٱلۡڪُفۡرَ عَلَى ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنِ‌ۚ

O you who believe! Take not for Auliya (supporters and helpers) your fathers and your brothers if they prefer disbelief to Belief.

وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمۡ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلظَّـٰلِمُونَ  

And whoever of you does so, then he is one of the Zalimoon (wrong-doers, etc.).


قُلۡ إِن كَانَ ءَابَآؤُكُمۡ وَأَبۡنَآؤُڪُمۡ وَإِخۡوَٲنُكُمۡ وَأَزۡوَٲجُكُمۡ وَعَشِيرَتُكُمۡ


If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your wives, your kindred,

وَأَمۡوَٲلٌ ٱقۡتَرَفۡتُمُوهَا وَتِجَـٰرَةٌ۬ تَخۡشَوۡنَ كَسَادَهَا وَمَسَـٰكِنُ تَرۡضَوۡنَهَآ

the wealth that you have gained, the commerce in which you fear a decline, and the dwellings in which you delight …

أَحَبَّ إِلَيۡڪُم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ وَجِهَادٍ۬ فِى سَبِيلِهِۦ فَتَرَبَّصُواْ حَتَّىٰ يَأۡتِىَ ٱللَّهُ بِأَمۡرِهِۦ‌ۗ

are dearer to you than Allah and His Messenger, and striving hard and fighting in His Cause, then wait until Allah brings about His Decision (torment).

وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَہۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقِينَ  

And Allah guides not the people who are Al- Fasiqoon (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah).


لَقَدۡ نَصَرَڪُمُ ٱللَّهُ فِى مَوَاطِنَ ڪَثِيرَةٍ۬‌ۙ وَيَوۡمَ حُنَيۡنٍ‌ۙ

Truly Allah has given you victory on many battle fields, and on the Day of Hunain (battle)

إِذۡ أَعۡجَبَتۡڪُمۡ كَثۡرَتُڪُمۡ فَلَمۡ تُغۡنِ عَنڪُمۡ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا

when you rejoiced at your great number but it availed you naught

وَضَاقَتۡ عَلَيۡڪُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتۡ ثُمَّ وَلَّيۡتُم مُّدۡبِرِينَ  

and the earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you, then you turned back in flight.


ثُمَّ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِۦ وَعَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَأَنزَلَ جُنُودً۬ا لَّمۡ تَرَوۡهَا

Then Allah did send down His Sakeenah (calmness, tranquillity and reassurance, etc.) on the Messenger (Muhammad SAW), and on the believers, and sent down forces (angels) which you saw not,

وَعَذَّبَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ‌ۚ

and punished the disbelievers.

وَذَٲلِكَ جَزَآءُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ  

Such is the recompense of disbelievers.


ثُمَّ يَتُوبُ ٱللَّهُ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ ذَٲلِكَ عَلَىٰ مَن يَشَآءُ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬  

Then after that Allah will accept the repentance of whom He will. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِنَّمَا ٱلۡمُشۡرِكُونَ نَجَسٌ۬ فَلَا يَقۡرَبُواْ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدَ ٱلۡحَرَامَ بَعۡدَ عَامِهِمۡ هَـٰذَا‌ۚ

O you who believe (in Allah's Oneness and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)! Verily, the Mushrikoon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and in the Message of Muhammad SAW) are Najasun (impure). So let them not come near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) after this year,

وَإِنۡ خِفۡتُمۡ عَيۡلَةً۬ فَسَوۡفَ يُغۡنِيكُمُ ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦۤ إِن شَآءَ‌ۚ

and if you fear poverty, Allah will enrich you if He will, out of His Bounty.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ حَڪِيمٌ۬  

Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.


قَـٰتِلُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَلَا بِٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ

Fight against those who

- believe not in Allah,

- nor in the Last Day,

وَلَا يُحَرِّمُونَ مَا حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ

- nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger

وَلَا يَدِينُونَ دِينَ ٱلۡحَقِّ مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبَ

- and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians),

حَتَّىٰ يُعۡطُواْ ٱلۡجِزۡيَةَ عَن يَدٍ۬ وَهُمۡ صَـٰغِرُونَ  

until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.


وَقَالَتِ ٱلۡيَهُودُ عُزَيۡرٌ ٱبۡنُ ٱللَّهِ

And the Jews say: Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah,

وَقَالَتِ ٱلنَّصَـٰرَى ٱلۡمَسِيحُ ٱبۡنُ ٱللَّهِ‌ۖ

and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allah.

ذَٲلِكَ قَوۡلُهُم بِأَفۡوَٲهِهِمۡ‌ۖ

That is a saying from their mouths.

يُضَـٰهِـُٔونَ قَوۡلَ ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ

They imitate the saying of the disbelievers of old.

قَـٰتَلَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ

Allah's Curse be on them,

أَنَّىٰ يُؤۡفَڪُونَ  

how they are deluded away from the truth!


ٱتَّخَذُوٓاْ أَحۡبَارَهُمۡ وَرُهۡبَـٰنَهُمۡ أَرۡبَابً۬ا مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡمَسِيحَ ٱبۡنَ مَرۡيَمَ

They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary),

وَمَآ أُمِرُوٓاْ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُوٓاْ إِلَـٰهً۬ا وَٲحِدً۬ا‌ۖ

while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded (in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)) to worship none but One Ilah (God - Allah)

لَّآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ‌ۚ

La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He).

سُبۡحَـٰنَهُ ۥ عَمَّا يُشۡرِڪُونَ  

Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)."


يُرِيدُونَ أَن يُطۡفِـُٔواْ نُورَ ٱللَّهِ بِأَفۡوَٲهِهِمۡ

They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allah's Light (with which Muhammad SAW has been sent - Islamic Monotheism) with their mouths,

وَيَأۡبَى ٱللَّهُ إِلَّآ أَن يُتِمَّ نُورَهُ ۥ وَلَوۡ ڪَرِهَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرُونَ  

but Allah will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the Kafiroon (disbelievers) hate (it).


هُوَ ٱلَّذِىٓ أَرۡسَلَ رَسُولَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡهُدَىٰ وَدِينِ ٱلۡحَقِّ لِيُظۡهِرَهُ ۥ عَلَى ٱلدِّينِ ڪُلِّهِۦ

It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islam), to make it superior over all religions

وَلَوۡ ڪَرِهَ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكُونَ  

even though the Mushrikoon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) hate (it).


يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِنَّ ڪَثِيرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلۡأَحۡبَارِ وَٱلرُّهۡبَانِ لَيَأۡكُلُونَ أَمۡوَٲلَ ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلۡبَـٰطِلِ

O you who believe! Verily, there are many of the (Jewish) rabbis and the (Christian) monks who devour the wealth of mankind in falsehood,

وَيَصُدُّونَ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ

and hinder (them) from the Way of Allah (i.e. Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism).

وَٱلَّذِينَ يَكۡنِزُونَ ٱلذَّهَبَ وَٱلۡفِضَّةَ وَلَا يُنفِقُونَہَا فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَبَشِّرۡهُم بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ۬  

And those who hoard up gold and silver (Al-Kanz: the money, the Zakat of which has not been paid), and spend it not in the Way of Allah, -announce unto them a painful torment.


يَوۡمَ يُحۡمَىٰ عَلَيۡهَا فِى نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ فَتُكۡوَىٰ بِہَا جِبَاهُهُمۡ وَجُنُوبُہُمۡ وَظُهُورُهُمۡ‌ۖ

On the Day when that (Al-Kanz: money, gold and silver, etc., the Zakat of which has not been paid) will be heated in the Fire of Hell and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs,

(and it will be said unto them):-

هَـٰذَا مَا ڪَنَزۡتُمۡ لِأَنفُسِكُمۡ فَذُوقُواْ مَا كُنتُمۡ تَكۡنِزُونَ  

"This is the treasure which you hoarded for yourselves. Now taste of what you used to hoard."


إِنَّ عِدَّةَ ٱلشُّہُورِ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱثۡنَا عَشَرَ شَہۡرً۬ا فِى ڪِتَـٰبِ ٱللَّهِ يَوۡمَ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ

Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth;

مِنۡہَآ أَرۡبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ۬‌ۚ

of them four are Sacred,

(i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of the Islamic calendar).

ذَٲلِكَ ٱلدِّينُ ٱلۡقَيِّمُ‌ۚ

That is the right religion,

فَلَا تَظۡلِمُواْ فِيہِنَّ أَنفُسَڪُمۡ‌ۚ

so wrong not yourselves therein, collectively.

وَقَـٰتِلُواْ ٱلۡمُشۡرِڪِينَ كَآفَّةً۬ ڪَمَا يُقَـٰتِلُونَكُمۡ ڪَآفَّةً۬‌ۚ

and fight against the Mushrikoon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively, as they fight against you

وَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ  

But know that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqoon (the pious - see V.2:2).


إِنَّمَا ٱلنَّسِىٓءُ زِيَادَةٌ۬ فِى ٱلۡڪُفۡرِ‌ۖ يُضَلُّ بِهِ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ

The postponing (of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief:

يُحِلُّونَهُ ۥ عَامً۬ا وَيُحَرِّمُونَهُ ۥ عَامً۬ا لِّيُوَاطِـُٔواْ عِدَّةَ مَا حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ

thereby the disbelievers are led astray, for they make it lawful one year and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allah,

فَيُحِلُّواْ مَا حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ

and make such forbidden ones lawful.

زُيِّنَ لَهُمۡ سُوٓءُ أَعۡمَـٰلِهِمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَهۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلۡڪَـٰفِرِينَ  

The evil of their deeds seems pleasing to them. And Allah guides not the people, who disbelieve.


يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَا لَكُمۡ إِذَا قِيلَ لَكُمُ ٱنفِرُواْ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ ٱثَّاقَلۡتُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ

O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that when you are asked to march forth in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad) you cling heavily to the earth?

أَرَضِيتُم بِٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا مِنَ ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ‌ۚ

Are you pleased with the life of this world rather than the Hereafter?

فَمَا مَتَـٰعُ ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَا فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ  

But little is the enjoyment of the life of this world as compared with the Hereafter.


إِلَّا تَنفِرُواْ يُعَذِّبۡڪُمۡ عَذَابًا أَلِيمً۬اوَيَسۡتَبۡدِلۡ قَوۡمًا غَيۡرَڪُمۡ وَلَا تَضُرُّوهُ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا‌ۗ

If you march not forth, He will punish you with a painful torment and will replace you by another people, and you cannot harm Him at all,

وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ ڪُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ  

and Allah is Able to do all things.


إِلَّا تَنصُرُوهُ فَقَدۡ نَصَرَهُ ٱللَّهُ إِذۡ أَخۡرَجَهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ ثَانِىَ ٱثۡنَيۡنِ إِذۡ هُمَا فِى ٱلۡغَارِ

If you help him (Muhammad SAW) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad SAW and Abu Bakr) were in the cave,

إِذۡ يَقُولُ لِصَـٰحِبِهِۦ لَا تَحۡزَنۡ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَنَا‌ۖ

and he (SAW) said to his companion (Abu Bakr): "Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us."

فَأَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ سَڪِينَتَهُ ۥ عَلَيۡهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ ۥ بِجُنُودٍ۬ لَّمۡ تَرَوۡهَا

Then Allah sent down His Sakeenah (calmness, tranquillity, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not,

وَجَعَلَ ڪَلِمَةَ ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ ٱلسُّفۡلَىٰ‌ۗ

and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost,

وَڪَلِمَةُ ٱللَّهِ هِىَ ٱلۡعُلۡيَا‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ  

while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.


ٱنفِرُواْ خِفَافً۬ا وَثِقَالاً۬ وَجَـٰهِدُواْ بِأَمۡوَٲلِڪُمۡ وَأَنفُسِكُمۡ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

March forth, whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy (being ill, old and poor), strive hard with your wealth and your lives in the Cause of Allah.

ذَٲلِكُمۡ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ  

This is better for you, if you but knew.


لَوۡ كَانَ عَرَضً۬ا قَرِيبً۬ا وَسَفَرً۬ا قَاصِدً۬ا لَّٱتَّبَعُوكَ وَلَـٰكِنۢ بَعُدَتۡ عَلَيۡہِمُ ٱلشُّقَّةُ‌ۚ

Had it been a near gain (booty in front of them) and an easy journey, they would have followed you, but the distance (Tabuk expedition) was long for them,

وَسَيَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ لَوِ ٱسۡتَطَعۡنَا لَخَرَجۡنَا مَعَكُمۡ

and they would swear by Allah, "If we only could, we would certainly have come forth with you."

يُہۡلِكُونَ أَنفُسَہُمۡ وَٱللَّهُ يَعۡلَمُ إِنَّہُمۡ لَكَـٰذِبُونَ  

They destroy their ownselves, and Allah knows that they are liars.


عَفَا ٱللَّهُ عَنكَ لِمَ أَذِنتَ لَهُمۡ حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكَ ٱلَّذِينَ صَدَقُواْ وَتَعۡلَمَ ٱلۡكَـٰذِبِينَ  

May Allah forgive you (O Muhammad SAW). Why did you grant them leave (for remaining behind, you should have persisted as regards your order to them to proceed on Jihad), until those who told the truth were seen by you in a clear light, and you had known the liars?


لَا يَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُكَ ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِأَن يُجَـٰهِدُواْ بِأَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ وَأَنفُسِہِمۡ‌ۗ

Those who believe in Allah and the Last Day would not ask your leave to be exempted from fighting with their properties and their lives,

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمُۢ بِٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ  

and Allah is the All-Knower of Al-Muttaqoon (the pious - see V.2:2).


إِنَّمَا يَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُكَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ

It is only those who believe not in Allah and the Last Day

وَٱرۡتَابَتۡ قُلُوبُهُمۡ فَهُمۡ فِى رَيۡبِهِمۡ يَتَرَدَّدُونَ  

and whose hearts are in doubt that ask your leave (to be exempted from Jihad). So in their doubts they waver.


وَلَوۡ أَرَادُواْ ٱلۡخُرُوجَ لَأَعَدُّواْ لَهُ ۥ عُدَّةً۬

And if they had intended to march out, certainly, they would have made some preparation for it,

وَلَـٰكِن ڪَرِهَ ٱللَّهُ ٱنۢبِعَاثَهُمۡ فَثَبَّطَهُمۡ وَقِيلَ ٱقۡعُدُواْ مَعَ ٱلۡقَـٰعِدِينَ  

but Allah was averse to their being sent forth, so He made them lag behind, and it was said (to them), "Sit you among those who sit (at home)."


لَوۡ خَرَجُواْ فِيكُم مَّا زَادُوكُمۡ إِلَّا خَبَالاً۬ وَلَأَوۡضَعُواْ خِلَـٰلَكُمۡ يَبۡغُونَڪُمُ ٱلۡفِتۡنَةَ

Had they marched out with you, they would have added to you nothing except disorder, and they would have hurried about in your midst (spreading corruption) and sowing sedition among you,

وَفِيكُمۡ سَمَّـٰعُونَ لَهُمۡ‌ۗ

and there are some among you who would have listened to them.

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمُۢ بِٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ  

And Allah is the All-Knower of the Zalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).


لَقَدِ ٱبۡتَغَوُاْ ٱلۡفِتۡنَةَ مِن قَبۡلُ وَقَلَّبُواْ لَكَ ٱلۡأُمُورَ

Verily, they had plotted sedition before, and had upset matters for you, -

حَتَّىٰ جَآءَ ٱلۡحَقُّ وَظَهَرَ أَمۡرُ ٱللَّهِ وَهُمۡ ڪَـٰرِهُونَ  

until the truth (victory) came and the Decree of Allah (His Religion, Islam) became manifest though they hated it.


وَمِنۡهُم مَّن يَقُولُ ٱئۡذَن لِّى وَلَا تَفۡتِنِّىٓ‌ۚ

And among them is he who says: "Grant me leave (to be exempted from Jihad) and put me not into trial."

أَلَا فِى ٱلۡفِتۡنَةِ سَقَطُواْ‌ۗ وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةُۢ بِٱلۡڪَـٰفِرِينَ  

Surely, they have fallen into trial. And verily, Hell is surrounding the disbelievers.


إِن تُصِبۡكَ حَسَنَةٌ۬ تَسُؤۡهُمۡ‌ۖ

If good befalls you (O Muhammad SAW), it grieves them,

وَإِن تُصِبۡكَ مُصِيبَةٌ۬ يَقُولُواْ قَدۡ أَخَذۡنَآ أَمۡرَنَا مِن قَبۡلُ وَيَتَوَلَّواْ وَّهُمۡ فَرِحُونَ  

but if a calamity overtakes you, they say: "We took our precaution beforehand," and they turn away rejoicing.


قُل لَّن يُصِيبَنَآ إِلَّا مَا ڪَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَنَا هُوَ مَوۡلَٮٰنَا‌ۚ

Say: "Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allah has ordained for us. He is our Maula (Lord, Helper and Protector)."

وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَڪَّلِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ  

And in Allah let the believers put their trust.


قُلۡ هَلۡ تَرَبَّصُونَ بِنَآ إِلَّآ إِحۡدَى ٱلۡحُسۡنَيَيۡنِ‌ۖ


"Do you wait for us (anything) except one of the two best things (martyrdom or victory);

وَنَحۡنُ نَتَرَبَّصُ بِكُمۡ أَن يُصِيبَكُمُ ٱللَّهُ بِعَذَابٍ۬ مِّنۡ عِندِهِۦۤ أَوۡ بِأَيۡدِينَا‌ۖ

while we await for you either that Allah will afflict you with a punishment from Himself or at our hands.

فَتَرَبَّصُوٓاْ إِنَّا مَعَڪُم مُّتَرَبِّصُونَ  

So wait, we too are waiting with you."


قُلۡ أَنفِقُواْ طَوۡعًا أَوۡ كَرۡهً۬ا لَّن يُتَقَبَّلَ مِنكُمۡ‌ۖ

Say: "Spend (in Allah's Cause) willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you.

إِنَّكُمۡ ڪُنتُمۡ قَوۡمً۬ا فَـٰسِقِينَ  

Verily, you are ever a people who are Fasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."


وَمَا مَنَعَهُمۡ أَن تُقۡبَلَ مِنۡہُمۡ نَفَقَـٰتُهُمۡ إِلَّآ أَنَّهُمۡ ڪَفَرُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَبِرَسُولِهِۦ

And nothing prevents their contributions from being accepted from them except that they disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW);

وَلَا يَأۡتُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ إِلَّا وَهُمۡ ڪُسَالَىٰ وَلَا يُنفِقُونَ إِلَّا وَهُمۡ كَـٰرِهُونَ  

and that they came not to As-Salat (the prayer) except in a lazy state; and that they offer not contributions but unwillingly.


فَلَا تُعۡجِبۡكَ أَمۡوَٲلُهُمۡ وَلَآ أَوۡلَـٰدُهُمۡ‌ۚ

So let not their wealth or their children amaze you (O Muhammad SAW);

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ لِيُعَذِّبَہُم بِہَا فِى ٱلۡحَيَوٰةِ ٱلدُّنۡيَاوَتَزۡهَقَ أَنفُسُہُمۡ وَهُمۡ كَـٰفِرُونَ  

in reality Allah's Plan is to punish them with these things in the life of the this world, and that their souls shall depart (die) while they are disbelievers.


وَيَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ إِنَّہُمۡ لَمِنڪُمۡ وَمَا هُم مِّنكُمۡ وَلَـٰكِنَّهُمۡ قَوۡمٌ۬ يَفۡرَقُونَ  

They swear by Allah that they are truly of you while they are not of you, but they are a people (hypocrites) who are afraid (that you may kill them).


لَوۡ يَجِدُونَ مَلۡجَـًٔا أَوۡ مَغَـٰرَٲتٍ أَوۡ مُدَّخَلاً۬ لَّوَلَّوۡاْ إِلَيۡهِ وَهُمۡ يَجۡمَحُونَ  

Should they find a refuge, or caves, or a place of concealment, they would turn straightway thereto with a swift rush.


وَمِنۡہُم مَّن يَلۡمِزُكَ فِى ٱلصَّدَقَـٰتِ

And of them are some who accuse you (O Muhammad SAW) in the matter of (the distribution of) the alms.

فَإِنۡ أُعۡطُواْ مِنۡہَا رَضُواْوَإِن لَّمۡ يُعۡطَوۡاْ مِنۡہَآ إِذَا هُمۡ يَسۡخَطُونَ  

If they are given part thereof, they are pleased, but if they are not given thereof, behold! They are enraged!


وَلَوۡ أَنَّهُمۡ رَضُواْ مَآ ءَاتَٮٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ

Would that they were contented with what Allah and His Messenger (SAW) gave them

وَقَالُواْ حَسۡبُنَا ٱللَّهُ سَيُؤۡتِينَا ٱللَّهُ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥۤ

and had said: "Allah is Sufficient for us. Allah will give us of His Bounty, and (also) His Messenger (from alms, etc.).

إِنَّآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ رَٲغِبُونَ  

We implore Allah (to enrich us)."


إِنَّمَا ٱلصَّدَقَـٰتُ لِلۡفُقَرَآءِ وَٱلۡمَسَـٰكِينِ وَٱلۡعَـٰمِلِينَ عَلَيۡہَاوَٱلۡمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُہُمۡ

As-Sadaqat (here it means Zakat) are only for the Fuqara (poor), and Al-Masakin (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam);

وَفِى ٱلرِّقَابِ وَٱلۡغَـٰرِمِينَ وَفِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَٱبۡنِ ٱلسَّبِيلِ‌ۖ

and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah's Cause (i.e. for Mujahidoon - those fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything);

فَرِيضَةً۬ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَڪِيمٌ۬  

a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.


وَمِنۡہُمُ ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡذُونَ ٱلنَّبِىَّ وَيَقُولُونَ هُوَ أُذُنٌ۬ۚ

And among them are men who hurt the Prophet (Muhammad SAW) and say: "He is (lending his) ear (to every news)."

قُلۡ أُذُنُ خَيۡرٍ۬ لَّڪُمۡ يُؤۡمِنُ بِٱللَّهِ وَيُؤۡمِنُ لِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ

Say: "He listens to what is best for you; he believes in Allah; has faith in the believers;

وَرَحۡمَةٌ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مِنكُمۡ‌ۚ

and is a mercy to those of you who believe."

وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡذُونَ رَسُولَ ٱللَّهِ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬  

But those who hurt Allah's Messenger (Muhammad SAW) will have a painful torment.


يَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ لَكُمۡ لِيُرۡضُوڪُمۡ

They swear by Allah to you (Muslims) in order to please you,

وَٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥۤ أَحَقُّ أَن يُرۡضُوهُ إِن ڪَانُواْ مُؤۡمِنِينَ  

but it is more fitting that they should please Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW), if they are believers.


أَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّهُ ۥ مَن يُحَادِدِ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ فَأَنَّ لَهُ ۥ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَـٰلِدً۬ا فِيہَا‌ۚ

Know they not that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah and His Messenger (SAW), certainly for him will be the Fire of Hell to abide therein.

ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡخِزۡىُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ  

That is extreme disgrace.


يَحۡذَرُ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقُونَ أَن تُنَزَّلَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ سُورَةٌ۬ تُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا فِى قُلُوبِہِمۡ‌ۚ

The hypocrites fear lest a Soorah (chapter of the Quran) should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts.

قُلِ ٱسۡتَہۡزِءُوٓاْ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ مُخۡرِجٌ۬ مَّا تَحۡذَرُونَ  

Say: "(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you fear."


وَلَٮِٕن سَأَلۡتَهُمۡ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا ڪُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلۡعَبُ‌ۚ

If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and joking."

قُلۡ أَبِٱللَّهِ وَءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَرَسُولِهِۦ كُنتُمۡ تَسۡتَہۡزِءُونَ  

Say: "Was it at Allah, and His Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (SAW) that you were mocking?"


لَا تَعۡتَذِرُواْ قَدۡ كَفَرۡتُم بَعۡدَ إِيمَـٰنِكُمۡ‌ۚ

Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed.

إِن نَّعۡفُ عَن طَآٮِٕفَةٍ۬ مِّنكُمۡ نُعَذِّبۡ طَآٮِٕفَةَۢ بِأَنَّہُمۡ ڪَانُواْ مُجۡرِمِينَ  

If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were Mujrimoon (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.)


ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقُونَ وَٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقَـٰتُ بَعۡضُهُم مِّنۢ بَعۡضٍ۬‌ۚ

The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another,

يَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمُنڪَرِ وَيَنۡہَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَقۡبِضُونَ أَيۡدِيَہُمۡ‌ۚ

they enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Maroof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands (from giving (spending in Allah's Cause) alms, etc.).

نَسُواْ ٱللَّهَ فَنَسِيَہُمۡ‌ۗ

They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them.

إِنَّ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقِينَ هُمُ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقُونَ 

Verily, the hypocrites are the Fasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).


وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقِينَ وَٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقَـٰتِ وَٱلۡكُفَّارَ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَا‌ۚ

Allah has promised the hypocrites; men and women, and the disbelievers, the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide.

هِىَ حَسۡبُهُمۡ‌ۚ

It will suffice them.

وَلَعَنَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ۬ مُّقِيمٌ۬  

Allah has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment.


كَٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِكُمۡ ڪَانُوٓاْ أَشَدَّ مِنكُمۡ قُوَّةً۬ وَأَكۡثَرَ أَمۡوَٲلاً۬ وَأَوۡلَـٰدً۬ا

Like those before you, they were mightier than you in power, and more abundant in wealth and children.

فَٱسۡتَمۡتَعُواْ بِخَلَـٰقِهِمۡ فَٱسۡتَمۡتَعۡتُم بِخَلَـٰقِكُمۡ ڪَمَا ٱسۡتَمۡتَعَ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِكُم بِخَلَـٰقِهِمۡ وَخُضۡتُمۡ كَٱلَّذِى خَاضُوٓاْ‌ۚ

They had enjoyed their portion awhile, so enjoy your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion awhile; and you indulged in play and pastime (and in telling lies against Allah and His Messenger Muhammad SAW) as they indulged in play and pastime.

أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ حَبِطَتۡ أَعۡمَـٰلُهُمۡ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأَخِرَةِ‌ۖ

Such are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and in the Hereafter.

وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرُونَ  

Such are they who are the losers.


أَلَمۡ يَأۡتِہِمۡ نَبَأُ ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِهِمۡ

Has not the story reached them of those before them? -

قَوۡمِ نُوحٍ۬ وَعَادٍ۬ وَثَمُودَ وَقَوۡمِ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ وَأَصۡحَـٰبِ مَدۡيَنَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡتَفِڪَـٰتِ‌ۚ

The people of Nooh (Noah), Ad, and Thamood, the people of Ibraheem (Abraham), the dwellers of Madyan (Midian) and the cities overthrown (i.e. the people to whom Lout (Lot) preached),

أَتَتۡهُمۡ رُسُلُهُم بِٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ‌ۖ

to them came their Messengers with clear proofs.

فَمَا ڪَانَ ٱللَّهُ لِيَظۡلِمَهُمۡ وَلَـٰكِن كَانُوٓاْ أَنفُسَہُمۡ يَظۡلِمُونَ  

So it was not Allah Who wronged them, but they used to wrong themselves.


وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتُ بَعۡضُهُمۡ أَوۡلِيَآءُ بَعۡضٍ۬‌ۚ

The believers, men and women, are Auliya (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another,

يَأۡمُرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَيَنۡهَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنكَرِ

they enjoin (on the people) Al-Maroof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden);

وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَيُؤۡتُونَ ٱلزَّكَوٰةَ وَيُطِيعُونَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ

they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger.

أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ سَيَرۡحَمُهُمُ ٱللَّهُ‌ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ۬  

Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.


وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِهَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَـٰرُخَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَا

Allah has promised to the believers -men and women, - Gardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein forever,

وَمَسَـٰكِنَ طَيِّبَةً۬ فِى جَنَّـٰتِ عَدۡنٍ۬‌ۚ

and beautiful mansions in Gardens of Adn (Eden Paradise).

وَرِضۡوَٲنٌ۬ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ أَڪۡبَرُ‌ۚ

But the greatest bliss is the Good Pleasure of Allah.

ذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلۡفَوۡزُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ  

That is the supreme success.


يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّبِىُّ جَـٰهِدِ ٱلۡڪُفَّارَ وَٱلۡمُنَـٰفِقِينَ وَٱغۡلُظۡ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۚ

O Prophet (Muhammad SAW)! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be harsh against them,

وَمَأۡوَٮٰهُمۡ جَهَنَّمُ‌ۖ وَبِئۡسَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ  

their abode is Hell, - and worst indeed is that destination.


يَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ مَا قَالُواْ

They swear by Allah that they said nothing (bad),

وَلَقَدۡ قَالُواْ كَلِمَةَ ٱلۡكُفۡرِ وَڪَفَرُواْ بَعۡدَ إِسۡلَـٰمِهِمۡ وَهَمُّواْ بِمَا لَمۡ يَنَالُواْ‌ۚ

but really they said the word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islam, and they resolved that (plot to murder Prophet Muhammad SAW) which they were unable to carry out,

وَمَا نَقَمُوٓاْ إِلَّآ أَنۡ أَغۡنَٮٰهُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ مِن فَضۡلِهِۦ‌ۚ

and they could not find any cause to do so except that Allah and His Messenger had enriched them of His Bounty.

فَإِن يَتُوبُواْ يَكُ خَيۡرً۬ا لَّهُمۡ‌ۖ

If then they repent, it will be better for them,

وَإِن يَتَوَلَّوۡاْ يُعَذِّبۡہُمُ ٱللَّهُ عَذَابًا أَلِيمً۬ا فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَٱلۡأَخِرَةِ‌ۚ

but if they turn away, Allah will punish them with a painful torment in this worldly life and in the Hereafter.

وَمَا لَهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مِن وَلِىٍّ۬ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ۬  

And there is none for them on earth as a Walee (supporter, protector) or a helper.


وَمِنۡہُم مَّنۡ عَـٰهَدَ ٱللَّهَ لَٮِٕنۡ ءَاتَٮٰنَا مِن فَضۡلِهِۦ لَنَصَّدَّقَنَّ وَلَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰلِحِينَ  

And of them are some who made a covenant with Allah (saying):

"If He bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily, give Sadaqah (Zakat and voluntary charity in Allah's Cause) and will be certainly among those who are righteous."


فَلَمَّآ ءَاتَٮٰهُم مِّن فَضۡلِهِۦ بَخِلُواْ بِهِۦوَتَوَلَّواْ وَّهُم مُّعۡرِضُونَ  

Then when He gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly (refused to pay the Sadaqah (Zakat or voluntary charity)), and turned away, averse.


فَأَعۡقَبَہُمۡ نِفَاقً۬ا فِى قُلُوبِہِمۡ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ يَلۡقَوۡنَهُ ۥ

So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet Him,

بِمَآ أَخۡلَفُواْ ٱللَّهَ مَا وَعَدُوهُ وَبِمَا ڪَانُواْ يَكۡذِبُونَ  

because they broke that (covenant with Allah) which they had promised Him and because they used to tell lies.


أَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَعۡلَمُ سِرَّهُمۡ وَنَجۡوَٮٰهُمۡ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلَّـٰمُ ٱلۡغُيُوبِ  

Know they not that Allah knows their secret ideas, and their Najwa (secret counsels), and that Allah is the All-Knower of the unseen.


ٱلَّذِينَ يَلۡمِزُونَ ٱلۡمُطَّوِّعِينَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ فِى ٱلصَّدَقَـٰتِ

Those who defame such of the believers who give charity (in Allah's Cause) voluntarily,

وَٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ إِلَّا جُهۡدَهُمۡ فَيَسۡخَرُونَ مِنۡہُمۡ‌ۙ سَخِرَ ٱللَّهُ مِنۡہُمۡ

and those who could not find to give charity (in Allah's Cause) except what is available to them, so they mock at them (believers), Allah will throw back their mockery on them,

وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ  

and they shall have a painful torment.


ٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لَهُمۡ أَوۡ لَا تَسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لَهُمۡ

Whether you (O Muhammad SAW) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or ask not forgiveness for them …

إِن تَسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لَهُمۡ سَبۡعِينَ مَرَّةً۬ فَلَن يَغۡفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَهُمۡ‌ۚ

(and even) if you ask seventy times for their forgiveness …Allah will not forgive them,

ذَٲلِكَ بِأَنَّہُمۡ ڪَفَرُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ‌ۗ

because they have disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW).

وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَہۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقِينَ  

And Allah guides not those people who are Fasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).


فَرِحَ ٱلۡمُخَلَّفُونَ بِمَقۡعَدِهِمۡ خِلَـٰفَ رَسُولِ ٱللَّهِ

Those who stayed away (from Tabuk expedition) rejoiced in their staying behind the Messenger of Allah;

وَكَرِهُوٓاْ أَن يُجَـٰهِدُواْ بِأَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ وَأَنفُسِہِمۡ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ وَقَالُواْ لَا تَنفِرُواْ فِى ٱلۡحَرِّ‌ۗ

they hated to strive and fight with their properties and their lives in the Cause of Allah, and they said: "March not forth in the heat."

قُلۡ نَارُ جَهَنَّمَ أَشَدُّ حَرًّ۬ا‌ۚ

Say: "The Fire of Hell is more intense in heat",

لَّوۡ كَانُواْ يَفۡقَهُونَ  

if only they could understand!


فَلۡيَضۡحَكُواْ قَلِيلاً۬ وَلۡيَبۡكُواْ كَثِيرً۬ا جَزَآءَۢ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ  

So let them laugh a little and (they will) cry much as a recompense of what they used to earn (by committing sins).


فَإِن رَّجَعَكَ ٱللَّهُ إِلَىٰ طَآٮِٕفَةٍ۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ فَٱسۡتَـٔۡذَنُوكَ لِلۡخُرُوجِ

If Allah brings you back to a party of them (the hypocrites), and they ask your permission to go out (to fight),

فَقُل لَّن تَخۡرُجُواْ مَعِىَ أَبَدً۬ا وَلَن تُقَـٰتِلُواْ مَعِىَ عَدُوًّا‌ۖ

say: "Never shall you go out with me, nor fight an enemy with me;

إِنَّكُمۡ رَضِيتُم بِٱلۡقُعُودِ أَوَّلَ مَرَّةٍ۬ فَٱقۡعُدُواْ مَعَ ٱلۡخَـٰلِفِينَ  

you agreed to sit inactive on the first occasion, then you sit (now) with those who lag behind."


وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلَىٰٓ أَحَدٍ۬ مِّنۡہُم مَّاتَ أَبَدً۬ا وَلَا تَقُمۡ عَلَىٰ قَبۡرِهِۦۤ‌ۖ

And never (O Muhammad SAW) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave.

إِنَّہُمۡ كَفَرُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ وَمَاتُواْ وَهُمۡ فَـٰسِقُونَ  

Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and died while they were Fasiqoon (rebellious, - disobedient to Allah and His Messenger SAW).


وَلَا تُعۡجِبۡكَ أَمۡوَٲلُهُمۡ وَأَوۡلَـٰدُهُمۡ‌ۚ

And let not their wealth or their children amaze you.

إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ أَن يُعَذِّبَہُم بِہَا فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَاوَتَزۡهَقَ أَنفُسُہُمۡ وَهُمۡ ڪَـٰفِرُونَ  

Allah's Plan is to punish them with these things in this world, and that their souls shall depart (die) while they are disbelievers.


وَإِذَآ أُنزِلَتۡ سُورَةٌ أَنۡ ءَامِنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَجَـٰهِدُواْ مَعَ رَسُولِهِ

And when a Soorah (chapter from the Quran) is revealed, enjoining them to believe in Allah and to strive hard and fight along with His Messenger,

ٱسۡتَـٔۡذَنَكَ أُوْلُواْ ٱلطَّوۡلِ مِنۡهُمۡ وَقَالُواْ ذَرۡنَا نَكُن مَّعَ ٱلۡقَـٰعِدِينَ  

the wealthy among them ask your leave to exempt them (from Jihad) and say, "Leave us (behind), we would be with those who sit (at home)."


رَضُواْ بِأَن يَكُونُواْ مَعَ ٱلۡخَوَالِفِ وَطُبِعَ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِمۡ فَهُمۡ لَا يَفۡقَهُونَ  

They are content to be with those (the women) who sit behind (at home). Their hearts are sealed up (from all kinds of goodness and right guidance), so they understand not.


لَـٰكِنِ ٱلرَّسُولُ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَعَهُ ۥ جَـٰهَدُواْ بِأَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ وَأَنفُسِهِمۡ‌ۚ

But the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) and those who believed with him (in Islamic Monotheism) strove hard and fought with their wealth and their lives (in Allah's Cause).

وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡخَيۡرَٲتُ‌ۖ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ  

Such are they for whom are the good things, and it is they who will be successful.


أَعَدَّ ٱللَّهُ لَهُمۡ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِہَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَـٰرُ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَا‌ۚ

For them Allah has got ready Gardens (Paradise) under which rivers flow, to dwell therein forever.

ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡفَوۡزُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ  

That is the supreme success.


وَجَآءَ ٱلۡمُعَذِّرُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡأَعۡرَابِ لِيُؤۡذَنَ لَهُمۡ

And those who made excuses from the Bedouins came (to you, O Prophet SAW) asking your permission to exempt them (from the battle),

وَقَعَدَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَذَبُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ‌ۚ

and those who had lied to Allah and His Messenger sat at home (without asking the permission for it);

سَيُصِيبُ ٱلَّذِينَ ڪَفَرُواْ مِنۡہُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬  

a painful torment will seize those of them who disbelieve.


لَّيۡسَ عَلَى ٱلضُّعَفَآءِ وَلَا عَلَى ٱلۡمَرۡضَىٰ

There is no blame on those who are weak or ill

وَلَا عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يَجِدُونَ مَا يُنفِقُونَ حَرَجٌ إِذَا نَصَحُواْ لِلَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ‌ۚ

or who find no resources to spend (in holy fighting (Jihad)), if they are sincere and true (in duty) to Allah and His Messenger.

مَا عَلَى ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ مِن سَبِيلٍ۬‌ۚ

No ground (of complaint) can there be against the Muhsinoon (good-doers - see the footnote of V.9:120).

وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬  

And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


وَلَا عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ إِذَا مَآ أَتَوۡكَ لِتَحۡمِلَهُمۡ قُلۡتَ لَآ أَجِدُ مَآ أَحۡمِلُڪُمۡ عَلَيۡهِ

Nor (is there blame) on those who came to you to be provided with mounts, and when you said: "I can find no mounts for you,"

تَوَلَّواْ وَّأَعۡيُنُهُمۡ تَفِيضُ مِنَ ٱلدَّمۡعِ حَزَنًاأَلَّا يَجِدُواْ مَا يُنفِقُونَ  

they turned back, while their eyes overflowing with tears of grief that they could not find anything to spend (for Jihad).


إِنَّمَا ٱلسَّبِيلُ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ يَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُونَكَ وَهُمۡ أَغۡنِيَآءُ‌ۚ

The ground (of complaint) is only against those who are rich, and yet ask exemption.

رَضُواْ بِأَن يَكُونُواْ مَعَ ٱلۡخَوَالِفِ

They are content to be with (the women) who sit behind (at home)

وَطَبَعَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ قُلُوبِہِمۡ فَهُمۡ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ  

and Allah has sealed up their hearts (from all kinds of goodness and right guidance) so that they know not (what they are losing).


يَعۡتَذِرُونَ إِلَيۡكُمۡ إِذَا رَجَعۡتُمۡ إِلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۚ

They (the hypocrites) will present their excuses to you (Muslims), when you return to them.

قُل لَّا تَعۡتَذِرُواْ لَن نُّؤۡمِنَ لَڪُمۡ قَدۡ نَبَّأَنَا ٱللَّهُ مِنۡ أَخۡبَارِڪُمۡ‌ۚ

Say (O Muhammad SAW) "Present no excuses, we shall not believe you. Allah has already informed us of the news concerning you.

وَسَيَرَى ٱللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمۡ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ

Allah and His Messenger will observe your deeds.

ثُمَّ تُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَـٰلِمِ ٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَٱلشَّهَـٰدَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُونَ  

In the end you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, then He (Allah) will inform you of what you used to do."

(Tafsir At-Tabari)


سَيَحۡلِفُونَ بِٱللَّهِ لَڪُمۡ إِذَا ٱنقَلَبۡتُمۡ إِلَيۡہِمۡ لِتُعۡرِضُواْ عَنۡہُمۡ‌ۖ

They will swear by Allah to you (Muslims) when you return to them, that you may turn away from them.

فَأَعۡرِضُواْ عَنۡہُمۡ‌ۖ

So turn away from them.

إِنَّہُمۡ رِجۡسٌ۬‌ۖ وَمَأۡوَٮٰهُمۡ جَهَنَّمُ جَزَآءَۢ بِمَا ڪَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ  

Surely, they are Rijsun (i.e. Najasun (impure) because of their evil deeds), and Hell is their dwelling place, - a recompense for that which they used to earn.


يَحۡلِفُونَ لَڪُمۡ لِتَرۡضَوۡاْ عَنۡہُمۡ‌ۖ

They (the hypocrites) swear to you (Muslims) that you may be pleased with them,

فَإِن تَرۡضَوۡاْ عَنۡہُمۡ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَرۡضَىٰ عَنِ ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلۡفَـٰسِقِينَ  

but if you are pleased with them, certainly Allah is not pleased with the people who are Al-Fasiqoon (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).


ٱلۡأَعۡرَابُ أَشَدُّ ڪُفۡرً۬ا وَنِفَاقً۬اوَأَجۡدَرُ أَلَّا يَعۡلَمُواْ حُدُودَ مَآ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِۦ‌ۗ

The Bedouins are the worst in disbelief and hypocrisy, and more likely to be in ignorance of the limits (Allah's Commandments and His Legal Laws, etc.) which Allah has revealed to His Messenger.

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ۬  

And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.


وَمِنَ ٱلۡأَعۡرَابِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مَا يُنفِقُ مَغۡرَمً۬اوَيَتَرَبَّصُ بِكُمُ ٱلدَّوَآٮِٕرَ‌ۚ

And of the Bedouins there are some who look upon what they spend (in Allah's Cause) as a fine and watch for calamities for you,

عَلَيۡهِمۡ دَآٮِٕرَةُ ٱلسَّوۡءِ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ۬  

on them be the calamity of evil. And Allah is All-Hearer, All- Knower.


وَمِنَ ٱلۡأَعۡرَابِ مَن يُؤۡمِنُ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ

And of the Bedouins there are some who believe in Allah and the Last Day,

وَيَتَّخِذُ مَا يُنفِقُ قُرُبَـٰتٍ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ وَصَلَوَٲتِ ٱلرَّسُولِ‌ۚ

and look upon what they spend in Allah's Cause as approaches to Allah, and a cause of receiving the Messengers invocations.

أَلَآ إِنَّہَا قُرۡبَةٌ۬ لَّهُمۡ‌ۚ

Indeed these (spendings in Allah's Cause) are an approach for them.

سَيُدۡخِلُهُمُ ٱللَّهُ فِى رَحۡمَتِهِۦۤ‌ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬  

Allah will admit them to His Mercy. Certainly Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


وَٱلسَّـٰبِقُونَ ٱلۡأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُهَـٰجِرِينَ وَٱلۡأَنصَارِوَٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحۡسَـٰنٍ۬

And the first to embrace Islam of the Muhajiroon (those who migrated from Makkah to Al- Madinah) and the Ansar (the citizens of Al-Madinah who helped and gave aid to the Muhajiroon) and also those who followed them exactly (in Faith).

رَّضِىَ ٱللَّهُ عَنۡہُمۡ وَرَضُواْ عَنۡهُ

Allah is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him.

وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمۡ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى تَحۡتَهَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَـٰرُ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَآ أَبَدً۬ا‌ۚ

He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever.

ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡفَوۡزُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ  

That is the supreme success.


وَمِمَّنۡ حَوۡلَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَعۡرَابِ مُنَـٰفِقُونَ‌ۖ

And among the Bedouins round about you, some are hypocrites,

وَمِنۡ أَهۡلِ ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ‌ۖ مَرَدُواْ عَلَى ٱلنِّفَاقِ لَا تَعۡلَمُهُمۡ‌ۖ نَحۡنُ نَعۡلَمُهُمۡ‌ۚ

and so are some among the people of Al-Madinah, they exaggerate and persist in hypocrisy, you (O Muhammad SAW) know them not, We know them.

سَنُعَذِّبُہُم مَّرَّتَيۡنِ ثُمَّ يُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَذَابٍ عَظِيمٍ۬  

We shall punish them twice, and thereafter they shall be brought back to a great (horrible) torment.


وَءَاخَرُونَ ٱعۡتَرَفُواْ بِذُنُوبِہِمۡ خَلَطُواْ عَمَلاً۬ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَءَاخَرَ سَيِّئًا

And (there are) others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed that was righteous with another that was evil.

عَسَى ٱللَّهُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۚ

Perhaps Allah will turn unto them in forgiveness.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ  

Surely, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.


خُذۡ مِنۡ أَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ صَدَقَةً۬ تُطَهِّرُهُمۡ وَتُزَكِّيہِم بِہَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيۡهِمۡ‌ۖ

Take Sadaqah (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it, and invoke Allah for them.

إِنَّ صَلَوٰتَكَ سَكَنٌ۬ لَّهُمۡ‌ۗ

Verily! Your invocations are a source of security for them,

وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ  

and Allah is All- Hearer, All-Knower.


أَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ يَقۡبَلُ ٱلتَّوۡبَةَ عَنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ وَيَأۡخُذُ ٱلصَّدَقَـٰتِ

Know they not that Allah accepts repentance from His slaves and takes the Sadaqat (alms, charities)

وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ  

and that Allah Alone is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful?


وَقُلِ ٱعۡمَلُواْ فَسَيَرَى ٱللَّهُ عَمَلَكُمۡ وَرَسُولُهُ ۥ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ‌ۖ

And say (O Muhammad SAW)

"Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers.

وَسَتُرَدُّونَ إِلَىٰ عَـٰلِمِ ٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَٱلشَّہَـٰدَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمۡ تَعۡمَلُونَ  

And you will be brought back to the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. Then He will inform you of what you used to do."


وَءَاخَرُونَ مُرۡجَوۡنَ لِأَمۡرِ ٱللَّهِ إِمَّا يُعَذِّبُہُمۡ وَإِمَّا يَتُوبُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۗ

And others await Allah's Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them.

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ۬  

And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.


وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّخَذُواْ مَسۡجِدً۬ا ضِرَارً۬ا وَڪُفۡرً۬ا وَتَفۡرِيقَۢا بَيۡنَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ

And as for those who put up a mosque by way of harming and disbelief, and to disunite the believers,

وَإِرۡصَادً۬ا لِّمَنۡ حَارَبَ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ مِن قَبۡلُ‌ۚ

and as an outpost for those who warred against Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad SAW) aforetime,

وَلَيَحۡلِفُنَّ إِنۡ أَرَدۡنَآ إِلَّا ٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ‌ۖ وَٱللَّهُ يَشۡہَدُ إِنَّہُمۡ لَكَـٰذِبُونَ  

they will indeed swear that their intention is nothing but good. Allah bears witness that they are certainly liars.


لَا تَقُمۡ فِيهِ أَبَدً۬ا‌ۚ

Never stand you therein.

لَّمَسۡجِدٌ أُسِّسَ عَلَى ٱلتَّقۡوَىٰ مِنۡ أَوَّلِ يَوۡمٍ أَحَقُّ أَن تَقُومَ فِيهِ‌ۚ

Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray).

فِيهِ رِجَالٌ۬ يُحِبُّونَ أَن يَتَطَهَّرُواْ‌ۚ

In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves.

وَٱللَّهُ يُحِبُّ ٱلۡمُطَّهِّرِينَ  

And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure.

(i.e. who clean their private parts with dust (i.e. to be considered as soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the call of nature)


أَفَمَنۡ أَسَّسَ بُنۡيَـٰنَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ تَقۡوَىٰ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرِضۡوَٲنٍ خَيۡرٌ

Is it then he, who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah and His Good Pleasure, better,

أَم مَّنۡ أَسَّسَ بُنۡيَـٰنَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ شَفَا جُرُفٍ هَارٍ۬ فَٱنۡہَارَ بِهِۦ فِى نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ‌ۗ

or he who laid the foundation of his building on an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the Fire of Hell.

وَٱللَّهُ لَا يَہۡدِى ٱلۡقَوۡمَ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ  

And Allah guides not the people who are the Zalimoon (cruel, violent, proud, polytheist and wrong-doer).


لَا يَزَالُ بُنۡيَـٰنُهُمُ ٱلَّذِى بَنَوۡاْ رِيبَةً۬ فِى قُلُوبِهِمۡ إِلَّآ أَن تَقَطَّعَ قُلُوبُهُمۡ‌ۗ

The building which they built will never cease to be a cause of hypocrisy and doubt in their hearts, unless their hearts are cut to pieces. (i.e. till they die).

وَٱللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ  

And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.


إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ٱشۡتَرَىٰ مِنَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ أَنفُسَهُمۡ وَأَمۡوَٲلَهُم بِأَنَّ لَهُمُ ٱلۡجَنَّةَ‌ۚ

Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties; for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise.

يُقَـٰتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ فَيَقۡتُلُونَ وَيُقۡتَلُونَ‌ۖ

They fight in Allah's Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed.

وَعۡدًا عَلَيۡهِ حَقًّ۬ا فِى ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةِ وَٱلۡإِنجِيلِ وَٱلۡقُرۡءَانِ‌ۚ

It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Quran.

وَمَنۡ أَوۡفَىٰ بِعَهۡدِهِۦ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ

And who is truer to his covenant than Allah?

فَٱسۡتَبۡشِرُواْ بِبَيۡعِكُمُ ٱلَّذِى بَايَعۡتُم بِهِۦ‌ۚ

Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded.

وَذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلۡفَوۡزُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ  

That is the supreme success.


ٱلتَّـٰٓٮِٕبُونَ ٱلۡعَـٰبِدُونَ ٱلۡحَـٰمِدُونَ ٱلسَّـٰٓٮِٕحُونَ ٱلرَّٲڪِعُونَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدُونَ

(The believers whose lives Allah has purchased are)

- those who repent to Allah (from polytheism and hypocrisy, etc.),

- who worship Him,

- who praise Him,

- who fast (or go out in Allah's Cause),

- who bow down (in prayer),

- who prostrate themselves (in prayer),

ٱلۡأَمِرُونَ بِٱلۡمَعۡرُوفِ وَٱلنَّاهُونَ عَنِ ٱلۡمُنڪَرِ

- who enjoin (people) for Al-Maroof (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all what Islam has ordained) and forbid (people) from Al- Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism of all kinds and all that Islam has forbidden),

وَٱلۡحَـٰفِظُونَ لِحُدُودِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ

- and who observe the limits set by Allah (do all that Allah has ordained and abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden).

وَبَشِّرِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ  

And give glad tidings to the believers.


مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِىِّ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَن يَسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ لِلۡمُشۡرِڪِينَ وَلَوۡ ڪَانُوٓاْ أُوْلِى قُرۡبَىٰ

It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah's Forgiveness for the Mushrikoon (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) even though they be of kin,

مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمۡ أَنَّہُمۡ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ  

after it has become clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a state of disbelief).


وَمَا كَانَ ٱسۡتِغۡفَارُ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ إِلَّا عَن مَّوۡعِدَةٍ۬ وَعَدَهَآ إِيَّاهُ

And (Ibraheems (Abraham)) invoking (of Allah) for his fathers forgiveness was only because of a promise he (Ibraheem (Abraham)) had made to him (his father).

فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ ۥۤ أَنَّهُ ۥ عَدُوٌّ۬ لِّلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنۡهُ‌ۚ

But when it became clear to him (Ibraheem (Abraham)) that he (his father) is an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him.

إِنَّ إِبۡرَٲهِيمَ لَأَوَّٲهٌ حَلِيمٌ۬  

Verily Ibraheem (Abraham) was Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the correct one seems to be that he used to invoke Allah with humility, glorify Him and remember Him much), and was forbearing.

(Tafsir Al-Qurtubee).


وَمَا ڪَانَ ٱللَّهُ لِيُضِلَّ قَوۡمَۢا بَعۡدَ إِذۡ هَدَٮٰهُمۡ حَتَّىٰ يُبَيِّنَ لَهُم مَّا يَتَّقُونَ‌ۚ

And Allah will never lead a people astray after He has guided them until He makes clear to them as to what they should avoid.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَىۡءٍ عَلِيمٌ  

Verily, Allah is the All-Knower of everything.


إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَهُ ۥ مُلۡكُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ يُحۡىِۦ وَيُمِيتُ‌ۚ

Verily, Allah! Unto Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, He gives life and He causes death.

وَمَا لَڪُم مِّن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مِن وَلِىٍّ۬ وَلَا نَصِيرٍ۬  

And besides Allah you have neither any Walee (protector or guardian) nor any helper.


لَّقَد تَّابَ ٱللَّهُ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّ وَٱلۡمُهَـٰجِرِينَ وَٱلۡأَنصَارِ ٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّبَعُوهُ فِى سَاعَةِ ٱلۡعُسۡرَةِ

Allah has forgiven the Prophet (SAW), the Muhajiroon (Muslim emigrants who left their homes and came to Al-Madinah) and the Ansar (Muslims of Al-Madinah) who followed him (Muhammad SAW) in the time of distress (Tabook expedition, etc.),

مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا ڪَادَ يَزِيغُ قُلُوبُ فَرِيقٍ۬ مِّنۡهُمۡ ثُمَّ تَابَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ‌ۚ

after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance.

إِنَّهُ ۥ بِهِمۡ رَءُوفٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬  

Certainly, He is unto them full of Kindness, Most Merciful.


وَعَلَى ٱلثَّلَـٰثَةِ ٱلَّذِينَ خُلِّفُواْ

And (He did forgive also) the three (who did not join the Tabook expedition (whom the Prophet SAW)) left (i.e. he did not give his judgement in their case, and their case was suspended for Allah's Decision)

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا ضَاقَتۡ عَلَيۡہِمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتۡ وَضَاقَتۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡ أَنفُسُهُمۡ

till for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were straitened to them,

وَظَنُّوٓاْ أَن لَّا مَلۡجَأَ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّآ إِلَيۡهِ

and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but with Him.

ثُمَّ تَابَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ لِيَتُوبُوٓاْ‌ۚ

Then, He accepted their repentance, that they might repent (unto Him).

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ  

Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.


يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَكُونُواْ مَعَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ  

O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds).


مَا ڪَانَ لِأَهۡلِ ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ وَمَنۡ حَوۡلَهُم مِّنَ ٱلۡأَعۡرَابِ أَن يَتَخَلَّفُواْ عَن رَّسُولِ ٱللَّهِ

It was not becoming of the people of Al-Madinah and the Bedouins of the neighbourhood to remain behind Allah's Messenger (Muhammad SAW when fighting in Allah's Cause)

وَلَا يَرۡغَبُواْ بِأَنفُسِہِمۡ عَن نَّفۡسِهِۦ‌ۚ

and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their own lives to his life.

ذَٲلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمۡ لَا يُصِيبُهُمۡ ظَمَأٌ۬ وَلَا نَصَبٌ۬ وَلَا مَخۡمَصَةٌ۬ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ

That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue, nor hunger in the Cause of Allah,

وَلَا يَطَـُٔونَ مَوۡطِئً۬ا يَغِيظُ ٱلۡڪُفَّارَ وَلَا يَنَالُونَ مِنۡ عَدُوٍّ۬ نَّيۡلاً إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُم بِهِۦ عَمَلٌ۬ صَـٰلِحٌ‌ۚ

nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness.

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُضِيعُ أَجۡرَ ٱلۡمُحۡسِنِينَ  

Surely, Allah wastes not the reward of the Muhsinoon (good-doers - see the footnote of V.9:120).


وَلَا يُنفِقُونَ نَفَقَةً۬ صَغِيرَةً۬ وَلَا ڪَبِيرَةً۬ وَلَا يَقۡطَعُونَ وَادِيًا إِلَّا ڪُتِبَ لَهُمۡ

Nor do they spend anything (in Allah's Cause) - small or great - nor cross a valley, but is written to their credit,

لِيَجۡزِيَهُمُ ٱللَّهُ أَحۡسَنَ مَا ڪَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ  

that Allah may recompense them with the best of what they used to do.

(i.e. Allah will reward their good deeds according to the reward of their best deeds which they did in the most perfect manner)


وَمَا كَانَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ لِيَنفِرُواْ ڪَآفَّةً۬‌ۚ

And it is not (proper) for the believers to go out to fight (Jihad) all together.

فَلَوۡلَا نَفَرَ مِن كُلِّ فِرۡقَةٍ۬ مِّنۡہُمۡ طَآٮِٕفَةٌ۬ لِّيَتَفَقَّهُواْ فِى ٱلدِّينِ

Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion,

وَلِيُنذِرُواْ قَوۡمَهُمۡ إِذَا رَجَعُوٓاْ إِلَيۡہِمۡ لَعَلَّهُمۡ يَحۡذَرُونَ  

and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil).


يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ قَـٰتِلُواْ ٱلَّذِينَ يَلُونَكُم مِّنَ ٱلۡڪُفَّارِوَلۡيَجِدُواْ فِيكُمۡ غِلۡظَةً۬‌ۚ

O you who believe!

Fight those of the disbelievers who are close to you, and let them find harshness in you,

وَٱعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ مَعَ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ 

and know that Allah is with those who are the Al-Muttaqoon (the pious - see V.2:2).


وَإِذَا مَآ أُنزِلَتۡ سُورَةٌ۬ فَمِنۡهُم مَّن يَقُولُ أَيُّڪُمۡ زَادَتۡهُ هَـٰذِهِۦۤ إِيمَـٰنً۬ا‌ۚ

And whenever there comes down a Soorah (chapter from the Quran), some of them (hypocrites) say: "Which of you has had his Faith increased by it?"

فَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ فَزَادَتۡهُمۡ إِيمَـٰنً۬ا وَهُمۡ يَسۡتَبۡشِرُونَ  

As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith, and they rejoice.


وَأَمَّا ٱلَّذِينَ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ۬ فَزَادَتۡہُمۡ رِجۡسًا إِلَىٰ رِجۡسِهِمۡ وَمَاتُواْ وَهُمۡ ڪَـٰفِرُونَ  

But as for those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubt, disbelief and hypocrisy), it will add suspicion and doubt to their suspicion, disbelief and doubt, and they die while they are disbelievers.


أَوَلَا يَرَوۡنَ أَنَّهُمۡ يُفۡتَنُونَ فِى ڪُلِّ عَامٍ۬ مَّرَّةً أَوۡ مَرَّتَيۡنِ ثُمَّ لَا يَتُوبُونَ وَلَا هُمۡ يَذَّڪَّرُونَ  

See they not that they are tried once or twice every year (with different kinds of calamities, disease, famine, etc.)?

Yet, they turn not in repentance, nor do they learn a lesson (from it).


وَإِذَا مَآ أُنزِلَتۡ سُورَةٌ۬ نَّظَرَ بَعۡضُهُمۡ إِلَىٰ بَعۡضٍ هَلۡ يَرَٮٰڪُم مِّنۡ أَحَدٍ۬ ثُمَّ ٱنصَرَفُواْ‌ۚ

And whenever there comes down a Soorah (chapter from the Quran), they look at one another (saying): "Does any one see you?"

Then they turn away.

صَرَفَ ٱللَّهُ قُلُوبَہُم بِأَنَّہُمۡ قَوۡمٌ۬ لَّا يَفۡقَهُونَ  

Allah has turned their hearts (from the light) because they are a people that understand not.


لَقَدۡ جَآءَڪُمۡ رَسُولٌ۬ مِّنۡ أَنفُسِڪُمۡ

Verily, there has come unto you a Messenger (Muhammad SAW) from amongst yourselves (i.e. whom you know well).

عَزِيزٌ عَلَيۡهِ مَا عَنِتُّمۡ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيۡڪُم

It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He (Muhammad SAW) is anxious over you (to be rightly guided, to repent to Allah, and beg Him to pardon and forgive your sins, in order that you may enter Paradise and be saved from the punishment of the Hell-fire),

بِٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬  

for the believers (he SAW is) full of pity, kind, and merciful.


فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَقُلۡ

But if they turn away, say (O Muhammad SAW):

حَسۡبِىَ ٱللَّهُ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ‌ۖ عَلَيۡهِ تَوَڪَّلۡتُ‌ۖ

"Allah is sufficient for me. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He),

وَهُوَ رَبُّ ٱلۡعَرۡشِ ٱلۡعَظِيمِ  

in Him I put my trust and He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne."


© Copy Rights:

Zahid Javed Rana, Abid Javed Rana,

Lahore, Pakistan

Email: cmaj37@gmail.com

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